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Intro

Keywords

Using good keywords is a very important aspect of your search. A keyword is an important word that should give you more relevant and reliable results than other words. Choosing the right keywords is not an exact science, however. 

Keywords

So, where do you get keywords?

1. Keywords can be synonyms, antonyms, related words, phrases, dates, names of events, of people, etc.
    E.g., of related words: "war of independence", "revolutionary war", "american revolution"


2. Watch for alternative spellings of proper names. They are often spelled differently in different languages.
    E.g. of alternative spelling: 1) Mao Tse-Tung / Zedong    2) 
Toussaint Louverture / L'Ouverture


3. Put yourself in the author's shoes and think about words he might have used to write on the topic.
    E.g. of similar terms: 1) teens, teenagers, adolescents, youth, youngsters, "young adults"   2) anorexia, bulimia, "eating disorders"  3) nutrition, food, diet, "healthy eating"


The order of the keywords in your query is important: [paris hilton] will not give you the same results as [hilton paris]

Example of keywords for an essay on IMPERIALISM:

Ex. 1st tier keywords are keywords directly related to your topic        

. imperialism - empire          

. colonisation - colonial        

. expansionism            

. conquest                 

. independence          

. name of country (countries)     

 
Ex. 2nd tier keywords are words that will help define your topic 

. impact

. legacy

. motivation, causes

. environment, geography, resources

 . “primary sources”, artefacts, documents, images

. timeline
 

 

Here are other useful keywords that can help narrow your topic:

study, "primary source", statistics, analysis, controversy, legacy, advantages, effect, causes
 


 

Finding keywords - Advanced

This video tutorial from DePaul University demonstrates how to generate keywords for a topic. This is an advanced level and is perfect for seniors working on their essays, and for Diploma students working on their Extended Essay.

More

Remember

. Understand your topic.
. Read purposely and keep track of meaningful words you encounter. 
. Use an online thesaurus to find synonyms.
. Try thinking like the author.
Visualize your answer.

. Don't overthink.

Keyword Challenge

Try the online "Keyword Challenge" and test your savoir faire!